Alternative Teaching was featured in the podcast Office Baggage.
Jim talks parenting strategy with Rae Parent and Marcy Twete.
Alternative Teaching was featured in the podcast Office Baggage.
Jim talks parenting strategy with Rae Parent and Marcy Twete.
Days off school are a great time for kids to get together with their friends. Playdates can help your child build and maintain friendships and be fun for everyone. Having a game plan ahead of time can help you and your child feel confident in social situations. We’ve come up with several ways to set your child up for success:
Have your child participate in the planning of activities. This allows them to pick something they will look forward to and they will be more vested in the playdate.
Have your child ask his or her friend 2 questions and report the answers back to you after the playdate. If your child is having difficulties coming up with questions you can help them along (example: “Why don’t you ask your friend if they like dogs or cats better? What is their favorite subject?”) This is a great way to encourage your child to have reciprocal interactions. We want them to learn to ask a question, listen to the answer and be able to remember the answer.
Playdates should last between 30 minutes and 2 hours. If it’s your child’s first playdate with a new friend, keep it short (i.e. 30 minutes – 1 hour). Kids have a limit for how long they’re able to manage themselves and going over that time can cause problems.
Start with a small group so your child can have 1 on 1 interaction. Once they have successful playdates with one friend you can add more children.
Always have a good exit strategy. If the playdate is going poorly, have an excuse to cut it short prepared ahead of time. Good exit strategies include having to leave to pick up a family member, dropping off a needed item at someone else’s home or running out to get an important item from the store.
And don’t forget that the Game Nights and Conversations are a great way to practice social skills at home!
If your child is struggling in school, they may be eligible for additional supports at no cost to your family. If you’re confused about your options and what all the acronyms mean, you’re not alone. Many parents have concerns, but they’re not sure what the best option for their child is. Whether your child is struggling with attendance, disruptive behaviors in the classroom, focusing, completing assignments, processing directions, or any other concerns that interferes with learning, your school may be able to offer a plan to help. Read below to learn the basics about Individual Education Plans, Behavioral Intervention Plans and 504 Plans.
What is it?
Individual Education Plan (IEP) – An Individual Education Plan is a blueprint detailing the Special Education supports the school will provide when a student needs extra help. The IEP addresses a child’s specific learning issues and includes goals. The plan is developed by school staff, parents, the student and can include community providers and advocates.
Behavioral Intervention Plan (BIP) – If a student’s behaviors are interfering with his or her learning, the IEP team can include a Behavior Intervention Plan (BIP). Behaviors that may interfere with learning can include, but are not limited to, oppositional behaviors (arguing with school staff, refusing to follow directions, and defiance), emotional difficulties (anxiety, depression, and fear), disruptive behaviors (yelling, swearing, destruction of property, and physical aggression), excessive tardiness and truancy. The BIP outlines a plan for how to change the behaviors that interfere with learning.
504 Plan – A 504 plan offers supports, modifications and accommodations that are similar to those offered through an IEP. However, the eligibility requirements are different. If your child doesn’t qualify for an IEP, they may qualify for a 504 Plan.
Individual Education Plan (IEP) – In order to be eligible for an IEP, your child must be evaluated by his or her school. If you are having concerns about your child, you can request to have an evaluation completed. Your child’s school has 14 days to respond to your request and let you know if they will be completing the evaluation. The Evaluation may include documentation of your child’s disability (such as a doctor’s diagnosis), academic records, assessments completed by School Staff, classroom observations and interviews with parents or other adults who know the child well.
The IEP is guided by Federal Law under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA). In order to qualify for an IEP, your child’s evaluation must show that he or she has a disability that falls under 1 of the 13 categories identified by IDEA (Autism, Cognitive Disability, Deaf-Blindness, Deafness, Developmental Delay, Emotional Disability, Hearing Impairment, Multiple Disability, Orthopedic Impairment, Other Health Impairment, Specific Learning Disability, Speech or Language Impairment, Traumatic Brain Injury and/or Visual Impairment). Additionally, his or her disability must affect their educational performance or ability to learn.
Behavioral Intervention Plan (BIP) – If your child is already on an IEP, and his or her behaviors are interfering with their educational performance or ability to learn, they may be eligible for a BIP. School Staff will complete a Functional Assessment to identify the problematic behaviors that interfere with learning. The Functional Assessment is different for every child and can include assessment tools, interviews with parents and school staff and classroom observations. Once completed, the Functional Assessment will clearly define the problem behaviors, identify triggers that cause the behavior to occur, identify anything that maintains the problematic behaviors and offer a hypothesis for why the child may be engaging in the behavior. Once the problematic behaviors are well defined, the team will develop a plan to reduce negative behaviors and increase desired or replacement behaviors.
504 Plan – In order to be eligible for a 504 plan, your child must have a documented disability that interferes with his or her ability to learn in a general education classroom. One common disability that is covered under a 504 Plan, is Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). If you are having concerns about your child, you can request that your Child’s school complete an evaluation. The Evaluation may include documentation of your child’s disability (such as a doctor’s diagnosis), academic records, assessments completed by School Staff, classroom observations and interviews with parents or other adults who know the child well.
The 504 Plan is guided by Federal Statue under Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, which states that a child with a disability has equal access to an education that is comparable to and education that is provided to those that do not have a disability. The eligibility requirements for a 504 allow for a broader definition of what is considered a disability. If your child does not meet the eligibility requirements for an IEP, they may qualify for a 504 Plan.
What Does the Plan Include?
Individual Education Plan (IEP) – An IEP is required by law to include annual goals that the student will be working towards. Additionally, the IEP must identify what specific special education and related services will be provided by the school (how often, for how long, location and who will be providing the service) to help the student achieve their annual goals. The IEP must also define how progress towards the goals will be determined.
Behavioral Intervention Plan (BIP) – A BIP will include a summary of the Functional Assessment. The BIP will clearly define what behaviors interfere with learning and a plan for how to address this. Typically, school staff will be teaching the student a new behavior to replace the problematic behavior. The BIP outlines how the replacement behavior will be taught, who is responsible, how long it will take and how school staff will reinforce appropriate behaviors. Additionally, the BIP will include a way to measure progress.
504 Plan – There is no standard 504 Plan that is required by law. Every school district may handle 504 Plans differently. Typically, a 504 Plan is written for your child’s individual needs and includes any extra supports or accommodations offered by the school, who will be providing extra supports and the names of the school staff responsible for ensuring that the plan is implemented.
For more detailed information about IEPs, BIPs and 504 Plans, please visit the Illinois State Board of Education Links below:
IEP Information: https://www.isbe.net/documents/ch6-iep.pdf
BIP Information: https://www.isbe.net/Documents/ch9-bips.pdf
504 Plan Information: https://www.isbe.net/Documents/ch15-section_504.pdf
The most difficult goal during an IEP meeting is not getting the services you want; it’s knowing what services you need to ask for. Most people that want every service possible often just want their child to be helped, without really knowing what they specifically need to accomplish that goal. For instance, having a 1:1 aide can be extremely helpful in managing behaviors and improving academics. The problem is that it creates dependency for the child, teacher and school. The child becomes more distant from their peers, the teacher pushes all instruction onto the aide, it becomes difficult to remove the aide both emotionally and behaviorally, and you may not get the aide that you want. You must look at what benefit you will get and for what cost. Having lots of services can be great, but for each service offered, the child will be sacrificing services in another area i.e. pulling someone out for social work may require them to miss math, music, or recess. That is not to say that services should not be completed. Just understand what the real costs the child may pay for those services and what specific benefits will they be attaining.
Next, we have to look at the goals. It is my experience that most IEP’s are written the exact same way…poorly. Every school knows that each goal in an IEP must be written in a way that is measurable with progressing outcomes. Here are a few common mistakes to look out for:
· There are no details on how they plan on achieving the goal. If I wrote a goal stating that you will increase your household income 25% you may think this is a great goal that is measurable. However, if I don’t write specifics about how to achieve that goal, what good is writing this goal at all. The big mistake is thinking that every goal needs to be achieved. Knowing what works is as important as knowing what won’t work. Typically, the most common excuse is that they don’t write specifics because that is not where that information belongs. What they are really saying is that we don’t know the specifics so we can just talk about it later, but that conversation never happens. Even if it isn’t included in the IEP the parents should be provided information about the various techniques they are using so we can check off what works or not. In addition, how can parents support the goal if they have no way of understanding what the school is doing to achieve it.
· The goal is too easy. Often this is indicative of not understanding where the child really is at. For instance, the child will correctly identify three triggers that cause them to have problems with peers. If at the meeting you ask them to name 3 triggers and they can do it, then they have achieved their goal before you have even left the table.
· The goal is written in measurable terms but can’t truly be measured. For instance, you can track a child’s attendance because you can look at the total number of events (days of school) and their success (days attended). However, if you are tracking the number of times the child controlled their impulses, how will you know the base number of events. The child may have controlled their impulses a thousand times that day but you never saw it because they were successful. However, you did observe that they blew up 3 times that day. Did they achieve their goal?
· The progression is not statistically significant. Increasing homework completion, test scores, attendance, or behavioral goals, etc. that are too small to measure. For instance, increasing scores in math from 85% in the first quarter to 90% in the 2nd quarter might not be measurable because the percentages aren’t far enough apart to tell if it was happenstance or a legitimate increase in skills.
· Percentages and number of trials that are touted as measurable performances can be meaningless. The trick here is to know exactly how they plan on measuring the goal. For instance, using observations to measure percentages usually means the professionals are just guessing i.e. I think they did this about 75% of the time. People remember the last or most prominent event which can skew exactly how accurate that percentage really is. Additionally, number of trials is just a modern version of the percentage fallacy. Unless they are literally tracking each event, you can’t say how successful the child was in achieving their goal. However, even if they do track it successfully…once they achieved their numbers then is the skill considered mastered at that level? If the IEP says that the child will correctly identify ways in which their behavior effects other kids in 3 out of 4 attempts does that mean if they do 3 in a row they have mastered the skill at that point. Even if they failed the 14 times before then. Unfortunately, schools often write a goal like this and wait the entire quarter and then determine whether they have achieved it, even though it is written that the moment they have hit their numbers it is mastered at this level.
The important thing to remember is that the IEP goals are not written poorly because the school doesn’t care. They just don’t know any other way. Everyone writes them poorly so they have convinced themselves that it must be correct. Remember, teachers are educators and not clinicians. They are not trying to short change your child. They just don’t know how to attain a well written IEP that has realistic goals, can be realistically measured, provides clear progress, and will identify techniques that work best with your child. Lawyers will help you get the services you want, but we can help you determine what you should be asking for. Once you know what you want then the schools will most likely agree.
If your mornings sound something like this, you are not alone. Difficult mornings can make parents short tempered, frustrated, and resentful. Every other article is going to tell you to get your kids to bed early, which is obvious, and if we stopped there we wouldn’t be doing you any favors. The following tips will help you figure out what to do (and not to do) to make your mornings less stressful.
If you are an Alternative Teaching client, remember what you have learned and that your behaviorist is able to help before, during, and after these moments. Stay rational; it is contagious. If you catch yourself raising your voice, it is very possible that you will unintentionally escalate an already anxiety producing event for your child. If you find yourself starting to yell, take a few minutes to give yourself a break and stay rational.
If you can manage it, showers and baths should be taken at night along with anything else that can reasonably be done ahead of time like picking out clothes, packing the backpack, and packing lunches.
Depending on age and situation, look over all homework for completeness before bed.
Remind yourself that while you don’t get to control their behavior, thanks to Alternative Teaching, you now have the tools to give effective consequences if their behavior bothers you. Make sure you issue those consequences when they are calm.
Those are the things you should do…now we are going to give you permission to not do things:
Don’t worry if they showered (unless you are dealing with bed-wetting). We shower for social reasons and not hygiene reasons. They are not less hygienic if they don’t shower…they will just stink. Remember: kids don’t typically develop an odor until they are older but each child is different. Some kids never stink and some you can’t scrape the stink off of them.
Don’t sweat over homework. Nobody gets rejected from Harvard because they missed one day of homework. Issue consequences later or let the school handle it. Remember…you already finished school so don’t take it so personally.
Stay focused on getting the kids to school. Wrinkled clothes, messy hair, mix matched socks or handing them breakfast bars on the way out the door are all fine. Just get them into school for your sake and theirs.
Don’t have their room clean or chore done in the morning? They didn’t put away their breakfast dishes? Who cares? Unless you are selling your house and having buyers come that morning…it really isn’t that important.
Now here’s the catch. If you find that their hair’s messy, they stink, haven’t completed their homework, left a mess in the kitchen and they are dressed like they are going to school on “opposite day” everyday…then you may have a problem. If we are working with you…I promise we will get to these issues sooner than you think. If you are not a client, give us a call. We can help you resolve these types of problems quickly. School should be a happy place, but for some students it is an institution of anxiety, stress, and panic. If you are having morning problems everyday then this is more than someone that is just disorganized and not a “morning person”. We can teach you how to resolve these issues and a whole lot more.
In our program, apologies are actions, and not words. We do not recommend demanding or even asking for an apology. To require someone to apologize, loses the whole point of the apology. A true apology is about feeling badly about what one had done and expressing that remorse. As parents, when a child’s apology doesn’t come out the way we like, we often start insisting that it sounds sincere. When one starts trying to demand sincerity, they have really gotten away from the point of the apology.
Verbal apologies only bring up bad feelings. When you go to someone to ask for forgiveness, you are really subjecting yourself to the other person and hoping that they: A. accept your apology and B. can move on from this experience. But first, we must rehash our mistake or misbehavior by talking about it and by saying that we are sorry for what we have done. This can be very difficult for adults let alone children with mental health symptoms. If the other person does not accept the child’s apology it really leaves the child in a vulnerable and uncomfortable position, as they face that they cannot move on from this difficult experience.
Let’s look at how we as adults apologize. As adults, when we make a mistake, we may bring something as an offering: a gift basket, a card, a letter. We may try to go above and beyond in some way in an attempt to make up for our mistake or misbehavior. When we do something to offer our apology and we atone for our mistakes, the apology is much easier.
If verbal apologies are difficult for us as adults without that atonement, why would we ask a child do something that we wouldn’t do ourselves? Instead our program teaches children how to atone for their behaviors and allow their actions to speak for themselves instead of offering up empty words. The child has a sense that their actions have allowed them to move on. Meanwhile, the person receiving the apology has the positive experience of receiving from the person who they felt wronged by. This allows both to feel better about the resolution to the experience. Let their actions speak for themselves and when they are ready, perhaps we might get a sincere, “I’m sorry”.
Not all therapists are created equal. Sadly, there are a lot of unqualified therapists when it comes to disorders with disruptive behaviors. Here are three questions your child’s therapist should be able to answer.
What specifically will you be working on with my child? What type of therapy is the therapist going to do? Is it cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT)? Is it psychoanalytic therapy? Is it “tell-me-how-your-day-was therapy” (which is certainly not therapy)? What is the therapist going to do and what is he/she going to talk about with your child? The answer to this question should be direct. If the therapist responds with a lot of jargon (psychobabble) that isn’t clear, this might be a red flag. Like any other professional, a strong therapist will not shy away from this question.
How long will it take? The answer to this question doesn’t have to be an exact date, but the therapist should be able to tell you, based on their work with previous clients, how long it will take to meet treatment expectations. For example, a CBT therapist might say something like 12-20 sessions and a child attachment therapist might say 18-24 months. For this question, it isn’t about the actual length, but does the therapist have a range and an idea of what this process is going to look like. So here is how this conversation might go:
Parent: “Have you ever worked with kids like this?”
Therapist: “Yes, all the time.”
Parent: “Have you ever been successful with them?”
Therapist: “Yes, of course.”
Parent: “Well, how long did that take?”
Based on their experience with previous clients, they should be able to give you a range. If they say it’s going to take six months and it actually takes eight months, they are doing well. If they say it will take six months and eighteen months from now you are still working on the same issues… well, that is a problem. Never, ever sign up for open ended therapy (We will talk more about this in a future blog post.).
How will we know it is working? Do we really have to go through the entire six months before we know that it is working? What signs and symptoms can we expect to see when things are getting better? For example, if the child has anxiety about social situations is he/she going to be able to ask for his/her own play dates? Is he/she going to be able to sign up for group or club? Will he/she be able to attend social activities independently? As your child moves through therapy ask yourself, “Are we actually seeing signs that thing are getting better?” Don’t wait until the end of the time frame to realize that things aren’t improving.
There is an old proverb: “No matter how far you’ve traveled down the wrong road, turn back.” If this therapist isn’t helping you, he/she isn’t going to help you a year from now or ten years from now. Don’t waste your most valuable resource… time. These problems typically get bigger as your child grows. Get a new therapist.
My child is suffering from anxiety. My child refuses to do homework and/or to go to school. My child doesn’t play well with other children. My child won’t listen. My child is verbally and/or physically aggressive at home.
Would it be helpful to send them to therapy? Maybe, but most therapies weren’t designed to work with people that are resistant. If a child refuses therapy and the family eventually ‘strong-arms’ them to talk with someone often they will get less than desired results.
So if traditional therapy isn’t the answer then what is?
Empower the parents.
Consider time. One hour per week is considered a standard therapy time. Three to five hours a week is considered intensive, while five to 20 hours is ‘out-patient’ therapy . . . however, parents spend sixty to seventy hours per week with their child. It is more effective in regards to time, energy and costs to teach parents strategies to help their child progress in treatment.
Domestic violence is generally perceived to be between parents, or parent and child. When you are dealing with a disruptive child, this term must expand to include the violence inflicted on other members of the household by the disruptive child. Parents are highly motivated to fix the problem since they live in the domestically violent and dysfunctional environment, but they do not have to become trained therapists to provide a therapeutic environment.
The answer is to have a model of care that will teach parents simple, effective techniques to help manage the household and the child’s behavioral issues. The model also needs to be flexible enough to apply the techniques to the ever-changing situations that the child will create. Your immediate goals should be:
Can all parents do this? Maybe not, but it is everyone’s best interest to try something new, especially if nothing else seems to be working. Remember the first rule in behavior management: Do what works! If what you’re doing doesn’t seem to work, then stop and try something new. If the child still needs to talk to someone after the behavior is managed, send them to therapy. Then the therapist can work on the real issues instead of trying to manage the child’s behaviors. Both your child and therapist will thank you.
How would you define domestic violence? Would you say it is when a partner or wife is battered or when a child is abused? The Public Service Announcements (PSAs) have taught us to be ever vigilant to the signs and horrors of wives/partners and children being abused. What if there was another form of domestic violence that happens all across our country but that nobody talks about it? A type of domestic violence that is so insidious that not only are people left without answers we don’t even have a name for it.
Let’s briefly talk about the domestic violence we all are taught.
The example I have always used to describe this situation is when the battered wife is asked by her abusive partner to make sure his dinner is served at 6 o’clock. If that dinner arrives at 5:59 then the husband flies into a rage because she is rushing him. And if the dinner arrives at the table at 6:01 he once again flies into a rage because she is late and lazy. Finally, if that dinner arrives exactly at 6’oclock then the husband flies into a rage because why does he have to be married to a person who tries to be too perfect. It’s a no-win situation.
Picture a small child sitting at the top of the stairs with their head in their hands listening to presumably parents yelling. The all too familiar crash of dishes being broken and perhaps a slap can be heard in the background. The caption at the end of the PSA is the familiar phrase “Words can hit as hard as a fist”. Of course, many other PSAs teach us that in abusive families children do worse in school, more likely to turn towards drugs and get into trouble that can include illegal activities that may involve gang involvement.
Furthermore, the PSAs tell us that there are both physical and emotional telltale signs of abuse. These can certainly be physical.
More concealed but certainly as debilitating are the psychological effects.
The above images easily come to mind because we have all been trained to watch out for the signs and symptoms of domestic violence. The victims should be helped because they cannot get out or fix the situations themselves. They have tried over the course of days, weeks, months and even years. At first trying to fix it, then adjust to it, and finally resigned to live just to get through the day.
Domestic violence is a horrible and terrible injustice for the people forced to live in it.
What other form of domestic violence is so insidious that it doesn’t even have a name? The domestic violence I am speaking of gets no PSAs on TV or the radio. We not only don’t talk about it, we certainly don’t teach people about it and what is worse we oftentimes blame the victim both to their face and as a society. The domestic violence I am speaking of is when a child is abusive to their family.
I know what you’re thinking. These teenage gangbangers that abuse their siblings and parents should be locked up. Perhaps even investigate, accuse or lock up the parents as well because they must have been bad role models. What if I told you that the perpetrator of these acts that bring such torment to the families was six years old? Is that even possible? Could a child wreak that much havoc on a family?
Whether they are 3 or 16 years old, kids that have disorders all have one thing in common. They don’t work like most kids do. Most kids recognize and respond to authority – learn through motivators, discipline and consequences. The ideas of being more strict, firm or united are all great concepts but they rely on the child responding to this approach. The fact is that the more you push the more they will push back. When you back off they walk all over you like a doormat. The parents struggle with a no-win situation and condemned by family, society and even professionals for having poor child-rearing skills.
The fact is that a growing number of psychiatric hospitals are adding units and beds dedicated to young children. In the Chicago area alone, a hospital is adding a new in-patient wing to an already existing program designed to work with kids under the age of 12. One in-patient client was as young as three years old.
Let’s take a simple but painful snapshot into the lives of these families and try to figure out what you would do:
Imagine a child that says they want to watch TV and not go to bed. Think of your response. Perhaps you review the positives and negatives of their decisions. Suggest that they will lose the privileges of TV if they don’t comply. Maybe you pick them up and carry them to their room all the while scolding them. Perhaps you resort to violence yourself. Now imagine that the child not only doesn’t listen to you but they tantrum. Throw things, hit, bite, swear, break objects, slam doors, run out the house, etc. Let’s say that the consequences and talking and bargaining and threatening and all the other tricks in the parent’s bag isn’t working. At what lengths do you force them to comply? Perhaps we let them watch TV and let them learn their lesson by waking them up and sending them to school tired. Now we have the fight in the morning with all the physical acting out behaviors we just mentioned, and in spite of all that, we get them on the bus. Now they haven’t stopped their aggressive behavior so they get suspended from school, the bus and perhaps the police are contacted. The police are handcuffed (forgive the pun) because the child cannot be arrested if they are under ten even if the police were willing to do it. No…the police blame the parents for their inability to manage the child’s behavior and leave the child in the home.
Parents are taught many behavior management and child-rearing skills that often are contradictory by other professionals and when these techniques don’t work the parents (and not the techniques) are blamed. “You should’ve stuck to the plan and not let them watch TV. I don’t care that your life has been a living nightmare during the two days of the behavioral techniques and that the only thing it brought was more aggressive episodes.” In treatment the professionals are supposed to make things better.
Now imagine the cycle of that behavior occurring monthly… weekly… daily and most likely multiple times each day, every day for years. Nothing is working. Not therapy. Not medicines. Not the hospital. The parents are left with the problems of the child, the shame and humiliation of the stigma and blame, and all the signs and symptoms of domestic violence with no escape.
Alternative Teaching offers a 10 session program that can provide relief to parents and families experiencing child behavioral problems from defiance to violence. Using our non-confrontational model for behaviorally disruptive children and adolescents, parents are given the tools and support needed to learn to manage their child’s behaviors.